The Etymology of the word Obesity is Obesitas which is Latin for stout, fat or plump. It can be dissected using two Latin words as Esus and Ob also. The word Esus is the past participle of edere this means to eat and Ob this means over. Taken actually it means over eating. Thus, it has been understood to refer to a person is stout, fat or plump. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first noted usage of the word obesity is at 1611 by Randle Cotgrave.
On the other hands, the word obese is the adjective of weight problems. Nowadays, Weight problems is thought as the abnormal build up of surplus fat scientifically, usually 20% or even more of the individual’s ideal bodyweight. It is determined by getting a person’s body mass index (BMI). The BMI is a formulation that computes the individual’s elevation and weight to determine the body fat and the associated health risk. BMI is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his or her height in meters.
The denotation of Obesity will depend on a person’s BMI level. From your scientific point of view, if a person’s BMI is 30 to 39 then he could be considered obese. If a person’s weight is between 26 and 29 then he can only just be considered as overweight but not obese. Overweight and Fat individuals are not classified as obese persons. Thus, whether one is obese or not will depend on the result of his BMI.
There is a different BMI for adults as well as for children. Generally, however, a person with BMI of below 20 is considered underweight while people that have BMI between 20 and 25 are believed of normal weight. Alternatively, people that have BMI between 26 and 29 are believed overweight while people that have BMI of 30 or higher are believed obese. Those whose BMI exceeds 40 are believed morbidity obese.
The typical connotation of the word obesity is that any person who is extra fat falls under the category of obese. It is not unusual for somebody who is just a little on the heavy aspect to be called obese. Others consider obesity as synonymous with corpulent, fleshy, portly, stout, pudgy, rotund, plump, gross, chubby and overweight. Inside our society, any person who is a little overweight is known as an obese. Most discouraging is the fact that obesity is not only a ailment. The problem with obesity is that it is the only condition that suffers from negative connotations, perceptions, attitudes and prejudices. The reality is that obese people are usually disliked by the society.
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In school no one wants to socialize with the obese people. Nobody wants to sit beside an obese person when inside the bus. At work nobody wants to employ obese people. On the streets, everyone makes fun of obese people. In hospitals, obese people don’t get adequate respect, treatment and attention that they are worthy of.
The general attitude by the public towards obese people is that individuals either make fun of these or upset at them. In college, obese children tend to be nominated significantly less as best friend and rater low in peer approval often. Teachers also view obese children as more socially withdrawn and displaying less leadership in school. Peers also describe obese children as less physically attractive, less athletic, more sickly, tired and absent from school. In some studies, the community’s negative attitude towards obese people ranks alongside drug and alcoholics lovers. Perhaps, it is this reason why obese people are treated by the culture differently.
Even within the school environment where students should be taught the ideals of love and camaraderie, behaviour against obese people are being designed already. Obesity is not only about being fat or ugly. It is not about looks simply. According to World Health Organization, obesity is associated with certain health hazards.