Scientific theory is also called the classical theory. It is one of the rule of management. Frederick Winslow Taylor who is known as the paternalfather of management, propounded this process or theory of management. Taylor was created in USA in 1856 and started his career as a auto technician at the Cramp Shipyard.
He proved helpful there for three years. He joined the Midvale Metal Company Then, where he worked well as a machine shopworker for two years, as gang boss for some years, and as main engineer at age twenty eight. After some years he resigned Midvale and joined Bethlehem Steel Company where he offered for an extended period and gained encounters. After his pension, he proved helpful as a expert and dedicated his time to develop the concept, concept, school of thought or theory of scientific management.
Taylor observed the above situation. He offered more emphasis upon work efficiency and productivity that the worker’s productivity and organizational efficiency both should be improved. The development of each man to his very best success and efficiency. Taylor theory is dependant on above mentioned assumptions created by him. The technological management is the attitude and beliefs of discarding the rule of thumb. Scientific investigation should be undertaken to solve the problems of commercial management. Scientific investigation include experimentation and research, collection and analysis of data and formulation of certain definite principles and guidelines. It is aimed at maximizing the efficiency of the plant and improving the productivity of the workers.
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Scientific management is the art of knowing precisely what is usually to be done and best suit method for doing the same. Intelligency, investigation and analysis of the various units of the business. Scientific study of each unit of business. Scientific study of different methods of doing work. Scientific collection of workers. Determination of the very most efficient device of work.
Linking income to the result achieve by the average person workers. The basic principles have been developed by Taylor and they appear as assumptions of the philosophy sometimes. 1.Replacing rules of thumb with research: F.W. Taylor very strongly advocated that, medical management requires the study and analysis of each job, with reasoning justify, find out the truth and replace the old rules of order or rules of thumb. This principle declare that the management decisions should be predicated on the facts not on the mere opinions and beliefs of the managers and other concerned persons.
2.Harmony in group activities: Taylor says that the tranquility and mutual relationship among company and employees really helps to attain the common goals . He suggested that mutual beneficial should be established among them. He thought that the harmony ties all to work in a help and device contribute to the maximum.